The most significant direct environmental impacts of our operations are the emissions generated by collection and transport services. In 2016, L&T’s operations caused 59.6 (2015: 59.5) thousand CO2 equivalent tonnes of emissions.
However, the greenhouse gas emissions caused by our operations only represent a small proportion of the overall benefit produced by recycling and delivering biofuels and solid recovered fuels to our customers.
In 2016, we worked with our customers to reduce Finland’s CO2 emissions by approximately 1.0 million tonnes of CO2 (2015: 1.1 million).
Caption: The emissions have been calculated based on the international Green House Gas Protocol reporting standard and emission calculation model, utilising, for example, the VTT Technical Research Centre LIPASTO database. The emissions concerning district heating, subcontractors fuel consumption, as well as work travel only the operations in Finland are accounted.
We are doing today what we will have to do tomorrow:
Finland's emissions reduced by million tonnes
In 2016, our greenhouse gas emissions declined by 21.5 per cent relative to the 2012 emissions level and operating volume.
Our greenhouse gas emission intensity, or greenhouse gas emissions relative to net sales, was 67.3 thousand CO2 tonnes per one million euros in 2016 (2015: 68.2 thousand CO2 tonnes per one million euros).
Fuel consumption increased due to the business acquisitions
In 2016, our total diesel consumption was 15 million litres, which is 9,9 per cent more than in 2015. The expansion of our functions due to the business acquisitions and increasing of the cars explain the increase of consumption.
Gasoline consumption amounted to 350,000 litres (2015: 360,000 litres), a decrease of 2 per cent. Fuel oil consumption totalled 1.78 million litres (2015: 1.48 million litres), up 20 per cent from the previous year.
We optimised and improved the efficiency of transport
In 2016 we again introduced new multi-chamber loaders to improve the waste transportations. We now have as many as 62 (2015: 52) multi-chamber loaders in operation. Multi-chamber loaders have two or more chambers for different types of waste, which enables the collection of multiple types of waste in a single run.
We continued the active work for optimizing the transportation routes. Over the past five years, we have optimised nearly 3,000 routes, with over 600 optimised in 2016 (2015: 850). Route optimisation reduces fleet requirements and kilometres driven, and it also reduces stops and visits to yard areas. The amount of the optimized routes is dependent on the structure of the routes, which are optimized each year.
In long-haul logistics, we improved the efficiency of our operations by shifting to equipment that supports larger payloads and increasing round trip transports.
We leveraged our experience of optimising collection and transport routes in waste management by also planning snow ploughing routes in property maintenance. This allowed us to adjust the size of the fleet and improve the efficiency of subcontracting in our property maintenance operations.
We develop the driving style of our drivers to reduce environmental load
In 2016, L&T’s average driving style index stayed in good level 8.6 (2015: 8.6). The calculation is based on a weighted average.
The personal driving style monitoring devices for drivers of heavy-duty vehicles enable us to analyse and constantly improve driving styles. The driving style index measures the safety and economy of driving styles.
A higher index means better traffic safety, lower fuel consumption and lower emissions, as well as cost savings in vehicle maintenance.
Driving style monitoring was expanded in all Environmental and Industry Services' vehicles. Personal driving style monitoring equipment is now installed altogether in 898 heavy-duty vehicles (2015: 550).
In addition to monitoring, we develop our drivers’ driving style by training and, if necessary, unit-specific action programmes.
Efficient use of space helps curb energy consumption at properties
Our electricity consumption in 2016 totalled 30,900 MWh (2015: 29,400 MWh). Electricity consumption increased mainly because the the new business acquisitions. In 2016 we started following also our use of district heating in our properties in Finland. In 2016 district heating was used according to the follow up 9,200 Mwh.
We continued to increase the capacity utilisation rate of our properties. We relocated our headquarters to a new multi-space office in January 2016. Named Tikanpesä, the new headquarters is located in Helsinki’s Pitäjänmäki district with good public transport connections. We also encourage the employees at the company headquarters to commute on foot or by bicycle by providing facilities such as better changing rooms and storage space for bicycles.
In 2016 we launched a project aiming at decreasing the amount of properties through efficient use of space. It is possible to combine premises and changing them into multi-space officies. We want to encourage our staff also for remote working in those functions where it is possible.
In 2015, we launched an energy efficiency improvement project at our properties. The project continued in 2016. The aim is to reduce electricity and heating consumption, rectify problems in property use, and to investigate the savings potential of utilising process energy. The properties are examined from a comprehensive perspective that includes not only energy management, but also the need for renovation and repairs. In building and repairing projects the energy efficient construction technical solutions are emphasized, like LED- lightings.
Energy intensity, or energy consumption relative to net sales, was 322 MWh per one million euros in 2016 (2015: 288 MWh per one million euros).